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IELTS Academic Task 1 - Essential Sentence Starters - Article

Updated: Feb 17, 2023

Language for IELTS Academic Task 1


In the first part, you have to write a minimum of 150 words altogether.


You are presented with a visual which you have to describe in words, providing a general overview with supporting details.


The visual might be a line graph, a bar chart, a pie chart, a diagram or a plan, and the subject of the visuals are varied.


Subjects might include social trends, economics, natural or industrial processes, or health, but you do not need any specialist knowledge to do the task.


You are expected to write in a neutral or formal style.


Making an overview statement


In the IELTS Writing Task 1, "Making an Overview Statement" refers to the process of summarizing the main findings or key points from a graph, chart, or diagram. It is usually made at the beginning of the task, before going into the details of the data. The purpose of making an overview statement is to provide the reader with a broad understanding of what the data is about, and what the main trends or patterns are. An overview statement should be concise and to the point, and should accurately reflect the information presented in the data.


Here are some formal sentence starters for making an overview statement:


  1. In conclusion,

  2. Ultimately,

  3. In light of all the evidence,

  4. Based on the information presented,

  5. To summarize the main points,

  6. After careful consideration,

  7. Taking into account all factors,

  8. In the final analysis,

  9. In view of the circumstances,

  10. Taking everything into account,

  11. Based on the analysis of the data,

  12. To summarize the key findings,

  13. In sum,

  14. To put it succinctly,

  15. To distill it down to its essence,

  16. In the end,

  17. After weighing all the options,

  18. In conclusion, it can be stated that.


Introducing an overall trend


Introducing an overall trend" in IELTS writing task 1 refers to giving a brief overview of the trend or pattern in the data presented in the task, such as a graph, chart, table, or map. The purpose is to set the context for the data, provide a general understanding of the trend or pattern, and help the reader understand the rest of the report. The statement should be concise and clear, and should describe the main features or tendencies in the data. This is usually done at the beginning of the task before providing a detailed analysis of the data.


  • A comprehensive review of the data reveals that ____

  • A thorough examination of the statistics shows that ____

  • The trend analysis shows that ____

  • An analysis of the long-term trends demonstrates that ____

  • The data shows that ____

  • A careful evaluation of the data highlights that ____

  • A close examination of the data shows that ____

  • A trend that has emerged over time is ____

  • A review of the relevant data shows that ____

  • The overall trend appears to be that ____


Introducing a point of interest


Introducing a point of interest" in the IELTS Writing Task 1 refers to drawing attention to a specific detail or aspect of the data or information presented in a visual form such as a graph, chart, map or table. The aim is to highlight and describe the most relevant or significant feature of the data to the reader, which may have a trend, pattern, comparison or exception. This aspect may not be immediately obvious from the visual representation but is important to note. The point of interest should be carefully selected and described with relevant vocabulary, numbers and units of measurement.


Here are some formal sentence starters for introducing a point of interest:


  1. It is interesting to note that ____

  2. A key point to consider is ____

  3. Of particular interest is ____

  4. One important factor to take into account is ____

  5. An aspect worth mentioning is ____

  6. A noteworthy element is ____

  7. One thing to keep in mind is ____

  8. An aspect of significance is ____

  9. A point deserving of attention is ____

  10. An important detail to consider is ____

  11. A matter of great relevance is ____

  12. One factor of importance is ____

  13. A factor worth considering is ____

  14. An aspect of interest is ____

  15. An element of great importance is ____


Introducing supporting details


Introducing supporting details" in the IELTS writing task 1 refers to the act of including specific, relevant details to support and reinforce the main point or trend that is being discussed in the task. This can help to provide a more comprehensive and convincing analysis of the data, and can also help to maintain the reader's attention and engagement.


The supporting details should be selected carefully, based on their relevance to the overall point or trend that is being discussed, and they should be presented in a clear and concise manner, to maximize their impact.


Here are some formal sentence starters for introducing supporting details:


  1. To elaborate on that point ___

  2. Further to that ___

  3. To provide additional context ___

  4. In support of that argument ___

  5. To expand upon that point ___

  6. To add to that ___

  7. To shed light on the point ___

  8. To illustrate that point ___

  9. To give a clearer picture ___

  10. To provide evidence for that ___

  11. To clarify the matter ___

  12. To reinforce the idea ___

  13. To support the position ___

  14. To offer additional insight ___

  15. To elaborate further ___


Comparing data


In IELTS Writing Task 1, "Comparing data" refers to a task that requires you to compare and contrast information presented in one or more visual aids such as graphs, charts, tables, or diagrams. Your task is to describe the similarities and differences between the data presented, highlighting key trends and patterns.

For example, you may be given two or more line graphs showing changes in the sales of a particular product over time, or bar charts comparing the number of people who use different modes of transportation in a particular city.


When comparing data in IELTS Writing Task 1, it's important to organize your information clearly and present it in a logical and coherent manner, using appropriate vocabulary and grammatical structures.


You should also aim to provide a balanced comparison, highlighting both similarities and differences, and drawing appropriate conclusions based on the data presented.


Here are some formal sentence starters for comparing data when writing a report:


  1. A comparison between the data shows ___

  2. When comparing the data, it becomes evident that ___

  3. By contrasting the data, it becomes clear that ___

  4. A side-by-side analysis reveals ___

  5. The comparison highlights ___

  6. The contrast between the data indicates ___

  7. A comparison of the data suggests ___

  8. The contrast between the figures shows ___

  9. A side-by-side evaluation of the data reveals ___

  10. A comparison of the results demonstrates ___

  11. The comparison of the figures suggests ___

  12. A comparison of the statistics highlights ___

  13. A contrast of the data indicates ___

  14. A comparison of the findings reveals ___

  15. The comparison of the data supports ___


Approximating


In the IELTS writing task 1, "approximating" refers to making a rough estimate or calculation of a particular numerical value, without being too precise. For example, if a graph or chart shows a trend over time, you may need to approximate a specific value at a certain point in time based on the information presented.


Approximating is often necessary in IELTS writing task 1 because the data provided may not be precise, or because it is more efficient to use rounded numbers in your writing. It is important to note that while you should make your approximations as accurate as possible, you are not expected to provide an exact number in every case.


Here are some additional formal sentence starters for approximating:


  1. In the vicinity of ____

  2. Close to ____

  3. Nearly ____

  4. Around ____

  5. Approximately in the range of ____

  6. At or near ____

  7. In the ballpark of ____

  8. Just about ____

  9. In the general area of ____

  10. Of the order of ____


Describing trends


Describing trends" in the IELTS writing task 1 refers to the ability to identify and explain patterns or changes in data over time. This may include changes in numbers, proportions, or even qualities. For example, a trend could involve an increase or decrease in a particular value, a fluctuation, or a steady state.


To describe trends in IELTS writing task 1, you will need to analyze the information presented in a graph, chart, table or diagram, and identify any patterns or changes that occur over time. You should then describe the trend using appropriate vocabulary and language, and make sure to use proper tenses (e.g. present simple, present continuous, past simple) depending on the type of data presented. Additionally, you may need to summarize the information and provide relevant details, such as the start and end points of a trend, or any important peaks or troughs.


It's important to remember that in IELTS writing task 1, you are not expected to make predictions or draw conclusions based on the data, but simply to describe and summarize the information presented.


Here are some additional formal sentence starters for describing trends:


  1. The trend shows a consistent ____

  2. A noticeable ____ is observed over the period

  3. The figures demonstrate a steady ____

  4. The data displays a gradual ____

  5. The pattern reveals a sharp ____

  6. There is an upward/downward slope in the ____

  7. The trend exhibits a significant ____

  8. The graph depicts a rapid ____

  9. The statistics indicate a slow ____

  10. The trend reflects a moderate ____


Time referencing


In the context of IELTS Writing Task 1, "time referencing" refers to the use of time-related language in your writing to describe when events occur, or how long they last.


Time referencing is an important aspect of writing for Task 1 as it helps you to describe the changes, trends or patterns in the data that you are presenting.


Some common time-related expressions used in IELTS Writing Task 1 include:


  • over time

  • throughout

  • in the past/present/future

  • in the last/next year(s)

  • in the first/second/third quarter, etc.

  • between X and Y years

  • in X years' time


Using these expressions correctly and consistently can help you to make your writing clearer, more organized, and easier for the reader to understand.


Here are some additional formal sentence starters for time referencing:


  1. During the __ period

  2. By the mid-__

  3. In the latter half of __

  4. As of __

  5. By the end of __

  6. At the close of __

  7. At the culmination of __

  8. Over the course of __

  9. In the initial stages of __

  10. At the height of __


Making forecasts


In the context of IELTS Writing Task 1, "making forecasts" refers to predicting or estimating future trends or developments based on the information and data presented in the graph or chart. This requires you to analyze the data, identify any patterns or trends, and then use this information to make predictions about what might happen in the future.


Making forecasts is an important aspect of IELTS Writing Task 1 as it shows that you are able to understand and interpret the data, and that you have the ability to think critically about the information. To make accurate forecasts, it is important to understand the context of the data, such as any historical trends or current events that might impact the future.


It is also important to use appropriate language and expressions when making forecasts. Some common expressions used in IELTS Writing Task 1 include:


  • it is expected/predicted that

  • it is likely/unlikely that

  • it seems that

  • the trend suggests that


By using these expressions, you can make your writing more precise and professional, and demonstrate your ability to make informed predictions based on the data presented.


  • It is predicted that ____ will experience a significant change in the near future.

  • Based on current trends, it seems that ____ will grow / shrink in the coming years.

  • Forecasts indicate that ____ will continue to rise / fall in the coming months/years.

  • It is expected that ____ will experience a substantial shift in the medium-term.

  • If current trends persist, it is likely that ____ will remain relatively unchanged in the long term.


Describing a process


In the context of IELTS Writing Task 1, "describing a process" refers to writing about a series of actions or steps that occur in a specific order to achieve a particular outcome. The process may be represented in a diagram or flowchart and your task is to describe what is happening in the process, step by step, using appropriate language and grammar.


Describing a process is an important aspect of IELTS Writing Task 1 as it requires you to have a good understanding of the information presented, and to be able to explain it in a clear and organized manner. To effectively describe a process, it is important to use appropriate vocabulary and expressions, such as:


  • Firstly, secondly, finally

  • Next

  • Then

  • After that

  • Meanwhile

  • At the same time

  • As a result


By using these expressions and following the steps of the process in a logical order, you can demonstrate your ability to understand and explain complex information, and make your writing clear and easy for the reader to follow.


Here are some formal sentence starters for describing a process in report writing:


  1. Firstly, ____ is carried out

  2. The next step is to ____

  3. Following that, ____ is performed

  4. Then, ____ is implemented

  5. Subsequently, ____ is executed

  6. Finally, ____ is concluded

  7. Throughout the process, ____ is monitored

  8. At each stage, ____ is considered

  9. The process is initiated by ____

  10. In order to ____, the following steps are taken.


Passive voice


Passive voice is often used in report writing as it allows for a more objective and neutral tone.


Here are some formal sentence starters for using passive voice in report writing:


  • It was observed that ____

  • Results show that ____

  • It can be noted that ____

  • It has been found that ____

  • It is reported that ____

  • Data reveals that ____

  • It was concluded that ____

  • A study showed that ____

  • It has been determined that ____

  • It was established that ____


The passive voice is a grammatical voice used to describe an action in which the subject of the sentence is the recipient of the action, rather than the performer of the action. In other words, the focus of the sentence is on the action being performed, rather than the person or thing that performed the action.


The passive voice is constructed using a form of the auxiliary verb "to be" and the past participle of the main verb. For example, "The car was driven by John" is a sentence in the passive voice, while "John drove the car" is a sentence in the active voice.


The use of the passive voice in report writing can be appropriate when the performer of the action is unknown or unimportant, or when the focus is on the result or outcome of the action. For example, "The experiment was conducted by a team of scientists" places the focus on the outcome of the experiment, rather than the identity of the scientists who conducted it.


However, it is important to use the passive voice sparingly in report writing, as the active voice is often more clear and direct. Additionally, the use of the passive voice can make sentences longer and less concise. When writing a report, it is generally recommended to use the active voice, unless there is a specific reason to use the passive voice.


Here are ten examples of the passive voice that could be used in IELTS Writing Task 1:


The graph shows the number of tourists who were attracted to the city in the past five years.


The data demonstrates how the sales of organic products have been increasing over the past decade.


The bar chart displays the changes in average temperatures that have been recorded in different regions.


It can be seen that the majority of people surveyed preferred using public transportation.


The pie chart reveals the amount of resources that were consumed in different industries.


The line graph indicates the growth rate of the company's profits that was achieved in the last quarter.


The table represents the amount of water that was consumed by different countries in the last year.


The histogram highlights the differences in the height of trees that were measured in different forests.


The scatter plot displays the relationship between the number of hours of study and exam scores that was observed among students.


The map shows the locations of the factories that were built in the country in the past 20 years.


Here are some general tips for successfully completing IELTS Writing Task 1 and getting a band score higher than 7:


Read the instructions carefully: Before you start writing, make sure you understand what the task requires. Read the instructions carefully and make sure you know what type of graph or chart you are dealing with, and what information you need to include in your writing.


Analyze the data: Take time to analyze the data carefully, and identify any trends, patterns, or changes that you need to include in your writing.


Plan your writing: Organize your thoughts and ideas before you start writing. Make a plan that includes an introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion. This will help you to keep your writing focused and structured.


Use appropriate language: Use a range of appropriate vocabulary and expressions to describe the information in the graph or chart. Use time references, comparisons, and modals to show your understanding of the information and to make your writing more sophisticated.

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