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IELTS Essay Writing - Getting Band 7 & Higher - Article

Updated: Feb 17, 2023

Overview


This article provides an overview of the requirements for achieving a Band 7 score in the IELTS Writing Essay task. To attain this score, it is important to understand and adhere to the rubric, which assesses the candidate's writing skills in four areas: task response, coherence and cohesion, lexical resource, and grammatical range and accuracy. The task response criteria assesses the candidate's ability to address all parts of the task and present a clear position throughout the response. The coherence and cohesion criteria evaluates the candidate's ability to logically organize information and ideas, have a clear progression, use a range of cohesive devices, and present a clear central topic within each paragraph. The lexical resource criteria assesses the candidate's range and accuracy of vocabulary usage. The grammatical range and accuracy criteria evaluates the complexity and sophistication of the candidate's sentence structures. A Band 7 score indicates that the candidate's writing is effective in conveying their ideas, with good grammar and vocabulary usage, and few errors.


Introduction


In this article, you will provide a brief overview of the requirements for achieving an IELTS Band 7 score in the Writing Essay task.


To attain a Band 7 score in the IELTS Writing Essay task, it is essential to understand and adhere to the rubric. This will enable you to plan and compose an essay that meets the criteria for this level by demonstrating your understanding of writing conventions, grammar, vocabulary, and content requirements. It is important to familiarize yourself with all aspects of the rubric so that you can effectively meet its expectations.


Task response


  • Addresses all parts of the task:


In the IELTS essay writing task, it is important to ensure that you address all parts of the prompt or question. This means that you should answer all aspects of the task and not leave any part unanswered. For example, if the prompt asks for your opinion and for you to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of a topic, you should provide your opinion and also discuss both the advantages and disadvantages.


  • Presents a clear position throughout the response:


It is important to have a clear and consistent position throughout your essay. This means that you should take a clear stance on the topic and maintain this position throughout the essay. This will give your essay coherence and make it easier for the reader to follow your argument.


  • Presents, extends and supports main ideas:


In your essay, you should present your main ideas and then extend and support them with examples and evidence. This will make your argument stronger and help you to convince the reader of your point of view.


  • A tendency to over-generalise:


However, there may be a tendency to over-generalise, which means making broad and unsupported claims without providing specific examples or evidence to back them up. This can weaken your argument and make it less convincing.


  • Supporting ideas may lack focus:


In addition, supporting ideas may lack focus, meaning they may not be directly related to the main idea or they may not be developed in a clear and coherent manner. This can make your essay less effective in conveying your message and can lead to a loss of focus or confusion for the reader.


In conclusion, when writing an IELTS essay, it is important to address all parts of the task, present a clear position, and present, extend, and support main ideas. However, it is also important to avoid over-generalisation and ensure that supporting ideas are focused and developed in a clear and coherent manner.


Coherence and cohesion


  • Logically organizes information and ideas:


In IELTS essay writing, it is important to logically organize information and ideas so that the essay is easy to follow and understand. This means arranging the information in a logical and coherent manner, with clear connections between ideas and arguments.


  • Clear progression throughout:


It is also important to have a clear progression throughout the essay, so that the reader can follow the development of your argument. This means that each paragraph should flow smoothly into the next and the overall structure of the essay should be easy to follow.


  • Uses a range of cohesive devices appropriately:


Cohesive devices, such as transitional words and phrases, are used to connect ideas and sentences within a paragraph and between paragraphs. It is important to use a range of these devices appropriately, although there may be some under- or over-use. Over-use of cohesive devices can make the writing sound repetitive, while under-use can make it difficult for the reader to follow the flow of ideas.


  • Presents a clear central topic within each paragraph:


Each paragraph should have a clear central topic or main idea, which is developed and supported within that paragraph. This helps to ensure that each paragraph has a clear focus and contributes to the overall structure and coherence of the essay.


In conclusion, in IELTS essay writing, it is important to logically organize information and ideas, have a clear progression throughout the essay, use a range of cohesive devices appropriately, and present a clear central topic within each paragraph. This will make your essay more effective in conveying your ideas and more engaging for the reader.


Lexical resource


The lexical resource criterion of the IELTS essay writing rubric evaluates the range and accuracy of a candidate's vocabulary usage. It assesses the candidate's ability to use a sufficient range of vocabulary that allows for flexibility and precision in expressing their ideas.


A score of "uses a sufficient range of vocabulary to allow some flexibility and precision" means that the candidate's vocabulary usage is sufficient to effectively communicate their ideas, with a good variety of words and phrases. The candidate demonstrates the ability to choose appropriate words and collocations to express their ideas, while still maintaining some level of precision and flexibility.


"Uses less common lexical items with some awareness of style and collocation" means that the candidate uses more advanced vocabulary, and shows an understanding of how words are used in context and in relation to other words. However, there may still be some errors or misuses of vocabulary in their writing.


"May produce occasional errors in word choice, spelling, and/or word formation" means that the candidate may use words inaccurately or make mistakes in spelling or word formation. However, this does not greatly affect the overall understanding of their writing.


Grammatical range and accuracy


The "variety of complex structures" aspect of the IELTS essay writing rubric evaluates the complexity and sophistication of a candidate's sentence structures.


"Uses a variety of complex structures" means that the candidate is able to use a range of sentence structures to express their ideas and show complexity in their writing. The candidate demonstrates a good understanding of grammar and structure, using a variety of sentence lengths, clauses, and connections to effectively convey their message.


"Produces frequent error-free sentences" means that the candidate's writing contains mostly error-free sentences, with few to no grammar or syntax errors. The writing is well-structured and grammatically correct, making it easy to understand.


"Has good control of grammar and punctuation but may make a few errors" means that the candidate has a good understanding of grammar and punctuation rules, but may still make a few errors in their writing. These errors do not greatly affect the overall understanding of their writing.

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